What Is Cholesterol?
It is a waxy substance that is produced in the human body and is also found in animal products. Cells need cholesterol to function. Unfortunately, excess cholesterol builds up inside the arteries forming deposits (arteriosclerosis), that are a major cause of heart disease and stroke.
The higher your cholesterol level, the higher the risk. However, not all cholesterol is bad. Fat travels through your bloodstream attached to protein in a combination called a lipoprotein. Two lipoproteins are the main carriers of cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and Highdensity lipoprotein (HDL).
Low-density lipoprotein is bad-cholesterol. Since, the fat attached to the LDL is not needed by the cell; it goes on the artery wall. As a result, this increases your risk of heart disease and stroke. High-density lipoprotein is good-cholesterol. It removes excess cholesterol from the bloodstream and takes it to the liver. This decreases your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Table Of Contents
Given below are Formula, melting point and boiling points:
Formula is: C27H46O
Melting Point is: 148 °C
Boiling Point is: 360 °C
An unhealthy lifestyle is the most common cause of high cholesterol including lack of physical activities and unhealthy eating habits. Risk factors are mentioned below:
Following are the major risk factors:
+ Inactive lifestyle
+ High fat diet
+ Low fiber die
+ Cigarette/cigar smoking
+ Family history of heart disease
Normally there are no symptoms or signs that tells that you have high cholesterol: only way to measure it is by blood tests. Now, question is how often you get this blood tests?. Answer to this question depends on one’s age, family history and risk factors. General recommendations are enlisted below:
+ First test between ages 9 – 11.
+ After every 5 years, children should get test again.
+ Depending on family history having high stroke or heart attach, high blood-cholesterol. Some children might have this test at age 2.
+ Adults should have this test after every 5 years.
+ Women of ages between 55 – 65 and men of ages between 45 to 65 should get this test every 1 to 2 years.
Prevention is better than cure. Following are some recommended preventions:
+ Eat foods with reduced cholesterol-levels
+ Restrict use of salt
+ Eat less total fat
+ Get regular aerobic exercise, if medically approved
+ Eat more soluble fiber (f uit, beans, peas, whole-grain products)
+ Quit smoking
+ Eat more baked/ broiled fish
+ Lose weight if you are overweight
Harvard health report identified foods that can decrease and increase cholesterol-levels.
Following foods help keeping high levels in check by including these foods in balanced diets.
- eggplant and okra
- barley & whole grains
- vegetable oil (canola, sunflower)
- fruits (mainly grapes, apples, citrus and strawberries)
- fatty fish (particularly salmon, tuna, and sardines)
- soy and soy-based foods
- foods rich in fiber
Following foods are listed as bad, including:
- baked goods
- red meat
- hydrogenated oils
- full-fat dairy