Coronavirus primarily causes diseases in birds and mammals. In humans coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. (Source: World Health Organization)
Table of Contents
- Transmission of Coronaviruses
- Common Signs of Infections
- Causes of Coronoviruses
- Preventing Infections?
- Vaccines and Treatment
- Myths And Facts
Coronavirus is transmitted between humans and animals (i.e they are zoonotic). As per detailed findings of world investigations SARS-CoV was transmitted to humans from civet cats. And, MERS-CoV was transmitted to humans from dromedary camels. Numerous well known coronoviruses are circulating in animals that as per reports yet not infected humans. (Source: WHO)
Transmission of coronaviruses from human to human is thought to occur through close contacts due to respiratory droplets produced by wheezing, coughing and sneezing.
Most common signs of viruses infection are mentioned below:
- Respiratory Symptoms
- Breathing Difficulties, and
- Shortness of Breath
- Sore throat from swollen adenoids
Diagnosis / Symptoms
Coronovirus can cause:
- Pneumonia (direct viral pneumonia / secondary bacterial pneumonia).
- Bronchitis ( direct viral bronchitis / secondary bacterial bronchitis ).
- Respiratory tract infections (upper and lower).
- Kidney failure.
- Even death.
As per world health organization’s standard recommendations to prevent infection spread includes
- Hand washing with soap for at-least 20 seconds.
- Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth.
- Covering nose and mouth when sneezing and coughing.
- Cooking eggs and meat thoroughly.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
- Avoiding close contact with people who are sick or showing symptoms of respiratory illness including sneezing and coughing.
- Avoid unprotected contact with live or wild animals.
If you are sick:
- Stay home if you are sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- Dispose off your mask correctly (see fig.).
According to a journal published in The International Journal of Occupational and Environment Medicine, and World Health Organization (WHO) there are no anti-viral drugs or vaccines to treat or prevent human coronavirus infections (2019 nCoV).
People diagnosed with COVID-19 should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.
People who think they may have been exposed to COVID-19 should contact their healthcare provider immediately.
Myth: Face Masks Provide Protection Against COVID-19
As per experts face mask don’t protect one from coronavirus. Although, surgical masks or face masks are helpful for those who may be infected or exposed to COVID-19. However, masks don’t limit the contraction of coronavirus. Since, the virus is transmitted as droplets, it is currently not recommended to need to use standard face masks or surgical face masks, or N95 masks. Good washing and hand hygiene is sufficient.
Do You Know COVID-19 Can Live On Surfaces For Up To Three Days?
Coronavirus can live on surfaces long after an infected person has left. A new study from the National Institutes of Health, which has not yet been peer reviewed, found that coronavirus can live on plastic and stainless steel for as long as three days.
Myth: Existence of Coronavirus Vaccine
There is no vaccine available for COVID-19. Scientiest are working on it and in USA human trial also been performed. Clinical trial for COVID-19 launched by world 3 countries but developing a vaccine that is safe and effective in human beings will take many months.
Fact: COVID-19 Poses A Greater Risk To People With Obesity.
Though it is accomplished that the those with compromised / weak respiratory systems and elderly people are at a greater risk of contracting and dying from coronavirus compared to young peoples and ones with good respiratory systems. The fact which is less known and discussed is that diabetes and obesity can also make people more susceptible.
Myth: Temperature Change Can Kill Coronaviruses.
According to WHO, “There is no reason to believe that cold weather can kill the new coronavirus or other diseases.” Similarly, there have been stories that warm weather can kill coronavirus, but those aren’t true either.
Fact: COVID-19 refers to the disease that the virus causes, not the virus itself.
Myth: Taking Hot Bath Protects Against Coronavirus
There may be relaxing benefits to a hot bath, but it won’t keep you from contracting coronavirus. “Taking a hot bath will not prevent you from catching COVID-19,” WHO asserts. “Your normal body temperature remains around 36.5°C to 37°C, regardless of the temperature of your bath or shower.”
Fact: Pets can get coronaviruses.
Myth: Coronavirus Can By Passed By Mosquitoes From Person To Person.
According to World Health Organization, there is no evidence to suggest that coronavirus can spread via mosquitoes.